The evolution of the Indian Education System

The year of 1947 continues to remain hitched in the reminiscences of all the Indians as it was when we were freed from the fetters of British Raj. The hold of governance had eventually come in the hands of Indian political leaders. The preliminary chaos had not discouraged the spirits of the citizens as it was the day to celebrate.

The newly formed Indian Government started making policies to bring the country on the track. While all these policies had been being devised to make the reforms, Education System was where everyone’s hopes were high. Education is what makes the country and the emphasis was laid upon essential principal Education for all the residents of the country irrespective of their caste, religion, or sex.

The preliminary set up continued to keep the State Governments in-charge of the education system in the states while the central Government was once mainly accountable for devising policies and presenting resources to the States for implementation of a uniform education system. It played a principal role in the improvement of the higher schooling and technical Education supplied to the youth of the country to make them capable as well as employable at higher posts.

Planning Commission (1950)

This used to be the first commission that was once set up by the Government, and the policies for enhancing the Education System of the country were expected to be rolled out by this commission. Following this commission, more modern policies have been formulated every five years as the Government started following the notion of Five Year Plans.

These plans aimed to eradicate illiteracy and achieve fundamental Education throughout the country. The Government was additionally looking to set up several vocational coaching centres throughout the states in rural as well as city areas to make the uneducated adult population self-sufficient.

Slowly, there were reforms made in the academic system with regard to the standards of Education. Modernization of the system was necessary to carry Indian youth to the level of the youth in different developed or developing countries. Educated youth could shape a strong base and pillars for our economy. This was why technical Education was once being improved in all the sectors of the country.

3 Education Commissions

1. University Education Commission (1949): This Commission was, in general, formalized to reorganize the curriculum that was being taught in the country. The medium of Education was modified to ensure that students learned a lot extra than they did earlier.

2. Secondary Education Commission (1952-53): After increasing the reach of Education, this commission was formed to make sure that more people received Secondary schooling in the country. 

3. Education Commission (1964-66): Once the students and teachers had been taken care of, the Government realized how the curriculum needed to be modified to be more uniform throughout the country. The entire schooling system was reviewed as CBSE(Central Board of Secondary Education) had been formed in the year 1962. Emphasis was being made on recognizing most of the faculties with this board. The idea was once only to make the schooling provided to college students uniform and similar throughout the states of the country.

The Government realized the importance of uniformity in curriculum, and CBSE was devised for the same. While the schools set up since the pre-independence generation were already following the ICSE board of Education, CBSE was established and put underneath the direct control of the Central Government. This commission was shaped to bring a countrywide policy for Education into action, which did manifest in July 1968. The national policy of Education was then revised in the year 1986, and emphasis was laid on the ethics, technology used for teaching, and national integration.

The new National Education Policy (NEP) was endorsed by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday, and it is the first such policy over the most recent 34 years. The NEP is yearning and modern; however, quite a bit of its prosperity will rely upon how it is executed. A board headed by ISRO chief K Kasturirangan had presented a draft NEP in December 2018, which was opened for public feedback after the Lok Sabha political decision in May 2019.

The success of this policy, like almost all others, depends on its implementation. One thing is for sure India has evolved and continues to do the same, every passing day. There was a small item over at NASA that reported in a Times of India story that states that “12% of the scientists and 38% of the doctors in the US are Indians, and in NASA, 36% or almost 4 out of 10 scientists are Indians.”

India’s literacy rate is 74.04%. The state of Kerala, a small state on the South Western coast of India, has the highest literacy rate among all states and was declared the first fully literate state about a decade back. We might still be lagging in many places, but in the past decades, India has shown tremendous change and advancement in Education.

As it is said, “The main hope of a nation lies in the education of its youth”. We haven’t yet achieved what was dreamt of, but somewhere we have come far in a journey that leads to the betterment of India.