India and Nepal have been sharing a friendly relation since 1950 when India declared national sovereignty. During the very same year, for their best interest, both the countries signed the Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship. According to the treaty both the countries agreed for a peaceful trade and were allowed to move freely across the border without passports or visas, and may live or work in either country. But history does not follow in one’s own way. With the end of monarchy in Nepal and the rise of Communists, relations between the two countries took a new turn. Now, India-Nepal relations have become toxic after India published its new political map, showing Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh as two separate Union Territories in accordance with the decision of the Modi government. Nepal objects that the new map shows ‘Kalapani’ as part of the Indian territory over which India states that the map accurately depicts the territory of India.
Moreover the matter heated when new 80km long road built from Dharchula in Uttarakhand to the Lipulekh passed India-Nepal-China tri-junction boundary point. It was alleged that the road passed through Nepal – a claim which is dismissed by India. Oli government went ahead and published a new map, which showed nearly 400 square km of India’s areas in Kalapani, Lipulekh Pass and Limpiyadhura as part of Nepal.
Nepal alleges India for deferment of Foreign Secretary level talks
What’s noteworthy here is that the following border dispute has been addressed through several official channels since 1990s. Both governments agreed during Narendra Modi’s 2014 visit to discuss the issue through Foreign Secretary level talks, but Nepal alleges that it tried twice to convene such talks since then but received no positive response from Modi Government. While not well known, there is also a second dispute with India in the Susta river border region, possibly an issue at the Eastern Tri-Junction with China and the Indian state of Sikkim.
Quick action against Pathankot attack then why delay with Nepal?
From fast few years PM Narendra Modi has been traveling from country-to-country to strengthen our bonds, but it seems as if his futuristic aim stands contrasting to his goals. Even after his so called successful visit to Nepal in 2019, it is clearly seen how peaceful and pleasant their bond is! When the Modi government can decide quickly on the attack in Pathankot that it would break off all relations if cross-border terrorism was not stopped then why no quick actions over Indo-Nepal issue? Well, just for a reminder that it’s been four years since both infiltration and cross-border terrorism continue, killing more and more people in Jammu & Kashmir – which is now directly ruled by Modi government.