What are benefits of Population Control Bill and why it should be implemented soon?


The Modi government is well known for being active, bringing about major reforms & tough changes, be it the demonetization, revoking of Kashmir’s special status, or the Ram Mandir decision. As it is estimated that India’s forever growing population will take over China’s very soon, the BJP led government may be reviewing the Population Control Bill very soon.

Anil Agarwal, Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament (MP) from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has urged PM Modi to take up the Population Control Bill and introduce it in the next session of the Parliament, as a solution to resolve this problem. With Independence day 2020 nearing, through a letter addressed to the PM, he wrote, “On August 15, 2019, you talked about population control while addressing the country from the Red Fort. The time has now come… I urge you to bring an effective population control bill in the next session of the Parliament.” 

Last week, Congress Rajya Sabha MP Akhilesh Prasad Singh extended his support to the central government’s proposed Population Control Bill, and said, “We will extend support to it. India has not been able to develop as much as it should have due to population.” 

“This is the demand of the country. All political parties should stand united by forming a common opinion on it. I hope that the Congress party will support the bill when it comes to the Parliament,” he added hoping that all political parties would stand united on this decision, as the law on population control is the demand of this country & much needed.

The Bill was first introduced in 2019 as the Population Control Bill, 2019 or, Population Regulation Bill, 2019 in the Rajya Sabha in July of last year, by Rakesh Sinha, another MP of Rajya Sabha. The bill is not yet a law and it was initially signed by 125 MPs. In February of 2020, a Shiv Sena MP, Anil Desai, brought up the Constitution (Amendment) Bill, 2020 that would amend Article 47A of the Constitution of India, putting forth a two-child only policy.

If the couple adheres to this policy they would be given many government-based incentives, that would include educational benefits, taxation cuts, home loans, free healthcare, and better employment opportunities to name a few. The 2019 Bill, on the other hand, was strict and had proposed that couples who had more than 2 kids should be debarred from contesting elections, denial of government jobs, financial benefits, and even food under government’s public distribution system. 

One of the sections of the 2020 Amendment Bill also proposed that the central government should give preference to candidates who have two or less than two children, and another section of the 2020 Bill asked for all employees of the Central Government to submit an undertaking in writing that they shall not have more than two children. Meanwhile, the employees who already had more than two children will be requested to submit an undertaking that they will not procreate any more children.

The 2020 Bill also stated that a married couple who are below the poverty line, having only one child also agree to get sterilized, then they shall be eligible to get Rs. 60,000 if their child is a boy and Rs. 1 lakh if the child is a girl and that the child would also get preference while getting admission in institutes of higher education and during the selection of a government job.